Ludhiana city, name of which is derived from its original name "Lodhi-ana" was founded at the time of Lodhi dynasty in the later part of fifteen century. Ludhiana is Punjab's largest city and India's largest city north of Delhi, with an area of 310 sq. km. The current city stands on the Sutlej's old bank, 13 km south of its present course. The city is famous for the presence of various large and medium scale industries for machinery production and Hosiery industry.
Ludhiana has its' significant presence in the educational sector also. The city is home to India's first medical college for woman, Christian Medical College; a well reputed tertiary care teaching hospital and a Centre of Excellence, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital and India's one of the best agricultural university, Punjab Agricultural University. Due to its similarities regarding cohabitation of industrial establishments and educational institutes with the famous city of Manchester, England, Ludhiana was termed as "Manchester of the East" by BBC UK.